Availability, Utilization and Improvisation of Instructional Materials for Effective Mathematics Teaching and Learning in Junior Secondary Schools in Rivers State, Nigeria

AVAILABILITY, UTILIZATION AND IMPROVISATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR EFFECTIVE MATHEMATICS TEACHING AND LEARNING IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA

1THANKGOD, Ruby Boma

&

2GEORGE, Nchelem Rosemary, Ph.D.

1,2DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS/STATISTICS

IGNATIUS AJURU UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION

RIVERS STATE NIGERIA

Correspondence email: george.nchelem@iaue.edu.ng

Abstract

The researchers investigated availability, utilization and improvisation of instructional materials for effective mathematics teaching and learning in junior secondary schools in Rivers State Nigeria. Two objectives guided this study. The research design was analytical survey design. The sample for the study was 12 junior secondary school mathematics teachers in Akuku Toru Local Government Area of Rivers state. Census sampling technique was used. The two instruments used to collect data were titled “Mathematics Instructional Material Availability Inventory” and “Mathematics Instructional Material Utilisation and Improvisation Questionnaire”. Cronbach alpha was employed to establish a reliability coefficient of 0.82 and 0.76 for the instruments respectively. Mean, standard deviation and independent sample t-test were used for statistical analysis at 0.05 significant level. The finding showed that the extent of available instructional materials in schools was low. The result revealed that the experienced and less experienced teachers’ extent of utilization of instructional materials for mathematics teaching and learning in junior secondary schools was also low though with no significant difference. The study also showed that the experienced and less experienced teachers do not improvise instructional materials for the effective teaching of mathematics with a statistical significant difference. It was recommended amongst others that all the stakeholders of mathematics education should avail themselves to support the move of equipping schools with instructional materials and also the mathematics teacher should endeavour to utilize and improvise instructional materials for mathematics teaching and learning.

Keywords: Availability, Mathematics, Utilization. Instructional Materials, Improvisation

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ThankGod, R.B & George, N.R (2021). Availability, Utilization and Improvisation of Instructional Materials for Effective Mathematics Teaching and Learning in Junior Secondary Schools in Rivers State, Nigeria. International Journal of Advanced Academic Research, 7(12), pp142-154. Available online at: https://www.ijaar.org/articles/v7n12/sms/ijaar-v7n12-Dec21-p71252.pdf.

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