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FARMERS’ PERCEPTION OF CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION STRATEGIES FOR SOIL CONSERVATION IN ENUGU WEST SENATORIAL ZONE, NIGERIA

FARMERS’ PERCEPTION OF CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION STRATEGIES FOR SOIL CONSERVATION IN ENUGU WEST SENATORIAL ZONE, NIGERIA

Enwelu, I. A. and Chukwuma C. C.

Department of Agricultural Economics & Extension

Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka

*Email: ia.enwelu@unizik.edu.ng; *Phone No.: 08035090033

** Email: bambamchibuike@gmail.com; Phone No.: 08140833872

Abstract

The study examined farmers’ perception of climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies for soil conservation in Enugu West senatorial zone. A structured interview schedule was used to collect data from a cross section of 87 farmers. Male farmers dominated the study with an average age of 49 years. The mean monthly income of farmers was N38,699.78. Mixed cropping (=3.94); tree planting (=3.08) and farrowing (=3.03) were very effective existing soil conservation practices in the communities. Farmers’ perceived changing the time of planting some crops (=3.12) and use of irrigation practices (=2.59) as effective climate change adaptation strategies for soil conservation while climate change mitigation strategies perceived by farmers as effective for soil conservation were: reduction of bush burning (=3.07) and planting of trees (=2.56). Inadequate extension personnel (=3.14) and lack of adequate training (=2.63) were major constraints to farmers’ climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies for soil conservation. The factors that were found to influence climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies of the farmers were sex, marital status, level of education, household size and age. The study recommended among other things constant training of farmers on various strategies of adapting and mitigating to climate change variability.

Key words: Climate change, adaptation, mitigation, strategies, soil conservation

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Impact of Management Motivational Strategies on Teachers’ job satisfaction in Somalia.

IMPACT OF MANAGEMENT MOTIVATIONAL STRATEGIES ON TEACHERS’ JOB SATISFACTION IN SOMALIA.

By

Ali Araye Addow

And

Ntu N. Nkomo

Faculty of Education

Islamic University in Uganda

Abstract

Teachers must be properly motivated in order to reach the needed educational production if quality education is to be achieved. This implies that quality education cannot be attained unless teachers are satisfied with their working conditions. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of management motivational strategies on teachers’ job satisfaction in Somalia. The concept of motivation was described as a set of intricate impulses, wants, tensions, emotions, or mechanisms that initiate and sustain action in the direction of achieving one’s own objectives. Some of the basic motivational strategies listed in this paper include staff development and training, participatory decision-making, good working conditions, remunerations and salaries, job security, etc. To increase employee productivity, companies must be able to offer them conditions that will make them more productive and engaged at work. This is what is meant by job satisfaction. The paper recommended among other things, that the terms of employment for school instructors should be more appealing. Teachers should be paid fairly and given advancements when they are due. Loans, housing, and other advantages should be made available to them. For the teacher, this would be encouraging.

Keywords: Education, job satisfaction, management, motivation, strategies

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