PRINCIPALS’ APPLICATION OF BUDGETING PRACTICES FOR EFFECTIVE DECISION-MAKING IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EBONYI STATE

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PRINCIPALS’ APPLICATION OF BUDGETING PRACTICES FOR EFFECTIVE DECISION-MAKING IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EBONYI STATE

PRINCIPALS’ APPLICATION OF BUDGETING PRACTICES FOR EFFECTIVE DECISION-MAKING IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EBONYI STATE

Prof. Perpetua Okorji & Nwode, Uchechukwu Rosemary
Department of Educational Management and Policy
Faculty of Education,
Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka

Abstract

The study investigated principals’ application of budgeting practices for effective decision-making in public secondary schools in Ebonyi State. Four research questions guided the study and two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study consisted of 233 principals (98 males and 135 females) in the 233 public secondary schools in Ebonyi State. All the 233 principals (98 males and 135 females) constituted the sample for the study as the population is relatively small and manageable size. The instrument for data collection was a researcher-developed questionnaire titled ‘‘Principals’ Application of Budget Practices for Effective Decision-Making Questionnaire (PABPEDMQ)’’. The instrument was face validated by three experts comprising two lecturers from the Department of Educational Management and Policy, and the other a lecturer in Measurement and Evaluation all from the Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. Cronbach alpha was used to determine the reliability of the instrument which yielded an overall reliability coefficient of 0.82. The researcher together with two research assistants collected data for the study using the direct approach method and 97% return was recorded. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, while t-test was used in testing the hypotheses. The findings of the study revealed among others that revenue and expenditure plan practices are applied by male and female principals for effective decision-making in secondary schools in Ebonyi State. It was also found out that there is no significant difference in the mean ratings of male and female principals on the revenue and expenditure plan practices they apply for effective decision-making in secondary schools in Ebonyi State. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that Ministry of Education should make frantic effort towards monitoring the financial expenditure of principals.

Key words: Principals, Application, Budgeting Practices, Effective, Decision-making, Schools

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Capacity and Strategy in Fire Disaster Prevention and Control in the Selected Strategic Organization in Port Harcourt Metropolis in River State

Capacity and Strategy in Fire Disaster Prevention and Control in the Selected Strategic Organization in Port Harcourt Metropolis in River State

Akiojano, A. S., Obafemi A.A. and Ogoro M.
Centre for Disaster Risk Management and Development Studies; Faculty of Social Sciences University of Port Harcourt
Corresponding Author Email: shadrack.akiojano@yahoo.com

Abstract

The study examined the capacity and strategy in fire disaster prevention and control in Eleme, Notore Chemical Industries PLC Onne and Shell Petroleum Corporation at Etche all in Obio/Akpor axis area of Port Harcourt Metropolis. The study analyzed the ability and capacity of the Organization to build back better, mitigate and recover from fire inferno. The research design is abductive reasoning carried out by observation, interview and checklist to compare the organization performances. The sample size for each organization cut-across ten (10) sources of personnel from management and supervisory level according to each organization as stipulated in the questionnaire for four years (2017 – 2020) with Indorama having working population over 5,000 while Shell and Notore over 2000 respectively. Data collection was achieved through Primary and secondary sources. Primary data source is derived through structured questionnaire, interview, observation and checklist designed to cover the objective of study. Secondary data source is achieved from information that is secondary in nature and are derived from organization journals such as Notore Tribe and Shell Info, Board publications as well as office and site posters. Descriptive tool parameter measurement method is in percentages, frequency, tables analysis taking decision to be Strongly agreed, Agreed, Disagreed and Strongly disagreed with weighted average. Finding reveals that in Organizational investigation on fire incidence root cause by examining capacity and strategic in fire disaster prevention and control; Shell organization with 40% and weighted average 2.5; Indorama with 45% and weighted average 2.2 and Notore with 35% and weighted average 2.8 revealing that Shell and Notore organizations strongly agreed to the objective. Also to the objective of Effective education and training scheme / application of learning point from incidence; Shell with 32%, Indorama with 40% and Notore with 31% and weighted averages of 3.1, 2.5 and 3.2 respectively. Shell and Notore organizations strongly agreed to the organizations performances of the objective with weighted averages but Indorama strongly disagreed to the objective of educating and training of work force. Recommendation and advice are majorly to adhere to training and capacity building to all workforce by all the organizations examined but more emphases to Indorama organization that concentrated on production for improvement whenever the change of fire incidence occurs.

Keywords: Capacity, Effective, Strategy, Disaster, Abductive, Measurement

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