Procedural Justice and Affective Commitment
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PROCEDURAL JUSTICE AND AFFECTIVE COMMITMENT
Department of Accountancy, School of Commerce and Management
Bayelsa State Polytechnic Aleibiri, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
Employee commitment (EC) has received much attention by scholars in recent times. This is because the achievement of every organizational goal is dependent on the commitment of employees at the workplace. Procedural justice is concerned with employees perceptions associated with the procedure of rewards, outcomes, decision making and participation in decision making process which is one of the dominating factor in the life of an organization. Both procedural justice and affective commitment are variables directly linked with organizational efficiency and effectiveness. Therefore, the main aim of this study is to identify the impact of procedural justice on affective commitment. The study is a conceptual reviewed of related literature to find the relationship between the two variables. The results of the study revealed that procedural justice is strongly related to affective commitment. Higher and sustained employee affective commitment in the workplace depends very much on procedural justice. A purposeful organisational justice brings out a good employee behaviour, resulting in employee commitment. Therefore, procedural justice is a strong predictor of affective commitment. Based on the findings of the study, it is recommended that organizations should increase the level of justice so as to increase the commitment of employees in the organization.
Key Word: Organizational justice, Employee commitment, Procedural justice, Affective commitment