Livelihood impacts and adaptive measures in crude oil post impacted communities in core Niger Delta States in Nigeria

  • -

Livelihood impacts and adaptive measures in crude oil post impacted communities in core Niger Delta States in Nigeria

Livelihood impacts and adaptive measures in crude oil post impacted communities in core Niger Delta States in Nigeria

Feepee, E.F; Eludoyin, O.S., Deekor, T.N.

Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers state

Corresponding Email Address: letoh12@gmail.com

Abstract

The study examined the livelihood impacts and adaptive measures in crude oil post impacted communities in the core Niger Delta states (Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers states) in Nigeria. A total of 400 respondents were sampled across affected communities of crude oil spills pollution. The study utilized primary data sources in form of structured questionnaires to elicit information as regards the subject matter of the study. Descriptive statistics in form of frequencies, percentages, Tables and charts were employed for data presentation. Findings revealed high impact on sources of livelihood (87.4%); reduced income level (70.3%); displacements (61.8%); career disruptions (60.5%); and high magnitude of negative impacts (85.4%). Adaptive measures employed were income diversification (61.3%), reduction of expenditure (55.3%); investment relocation (45.2%) amongst others. The factors prolonging problems and reducing adaptive capacities of communities were inadequate cleanup (62.6%); cumulative impact of multiple sources of oil pollution (72.2%); poor rehabilitation (69.9%); poor communication between host communities and oil companies (75.6%); and environmental pollution issues (78.7%). Thus, crude oil post impacted communities have low capacities to cope with current oil spill pollution challenges. The study therefore recommends amongst others that the government should enact stricter laws to regulate the Nigerian oil industry in order to provide guidelines on the issues of pollution control and management at all times especially as it concerns the study area.

Keywords: Livelihood impact, Crude oil spills, Environmental pollution, Adaptive measures, Core Niger Delta states, Adaptive capacities  

View/Download/Print


Google Scholar

 

Impact Factor

2018 : 3.466

2015 : 0.676

Current impact factor evaluation is in progress.

Call for papers

Research Articles written in English Language are invited from interested researchers in the academic community and other establishments for publication. Authors who wish to submit manuscripts should ensure that the manuscripts have not been submitted elsewhere neither is it under consideration in another journal. The articles should be the original work of the authors. High quality theoretical and empirical original research papers, case studies, review papers, literature reviews, book reviews, conceptual framework, analytical and simulation models, technical note from researchers, academicians, professional, practitioners and students from all over the world are welcomed.