ASSESSMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS AND THEIR IMPACTS ON AFFORDABILITY OF POTABLE WATER IN OKADA TOWN AND ENVIRONS
EZE, A. M.1* and OKAFOR – ELENWO, E. J.2
1DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, IGBINEDION UNIVERSITY OKADA,
2 DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, IGBINEDION UNIVERSITY OKADA
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The purpose of this study is to prepare base line data (comprising, socio-economic indicators and related factors) which will contribute toward finding lasting solution to water supply and associated problem in the study project area. The main socio-economic indicators of the host community assessed include; Mean Size of Households; Occupation Distribution; Income; Family expenditure; Sanitary status; Access to potable water and Poverty incidence level. The mean size of nuclear household including dependents is 10. As high as 93% of the population obtain water from seasonal streams, pond and other unsatisfactory sources. Petty traders (15.4%) and farmers (7.2%), form the most part of occupational group with substantial proportion of under aged dependents and young school children. The unemployed is as high as 19.5%. More than half (50.1%) of the population have very low monthly income of
N1,000 to N5,000which falls below the Edo State average of N5,539.80 (Level of poverty is given as; extreme poverty level, 9.1%; moderately poor, 30.3%; non-poor, 60.6%.). Only 6.5% of the water consumers earn monthly income of the minimum wage of N18,000. 4.1% earn monthly income of N61,000 and above. Overwhelming majority (72,8 %) are very poor, and consequently, prefer free services. These points should be borne in mind in determining affordable water rates. It is based on the forgoing, that the affordable water rate for water consumers in the study areas is proposed.
Keywords: Socio-Economic Indicators; Affordability; Portable water.
Eze, A.M. & Okafor-Elenwo, E.J. (2022). Assessment of Socio-Economic Indicators and their Impacts on Affordability of Potable Water in Okada Town and Environs. Engineering Research Journal, 2(2), 1-8. Available online at: https://www.ijaar.org/articles/erj/v2n2/erj-v2n2-Feb22-p2202.pdf.